This is the story of a remarkable young man from Kingston Upon Thames, who went to America to find his fortune in the middle of the 19th Century and became one of the most celebrated pioneers in the history of Photography. His story is incredible and his work provides the crucial link between the single shot Photographic process and moving images.
1830 Edweard Muybridge is born in Kingston Upon Thames 1839 Photography is invented when Muybridge is 9 years old 1850 leaves for America and arrives in New York 1855 sails to San Francisco, California and works as a seller of fine books
1861 Muybridge returns to England and learns the new art of Photography 1866 returns to San Francisco and begins career as a Photographer - working under the name Helios. Yosemite landscapes establish him. 1872-1877 Various commissions for US Govt and takes Panoramic landscape of San Francisco from Nob Hill. 1875 Acquitted of the murder of Major Harry Larkins - his wife's lover
Splitting the Second !! & a flying horse !!
Is this a film or a video ?
1872 -1878 Muybridge commissioned by wealthy businessman Leland Stanford to help win a bet. Stanford wanted to prove that when a horse gallops all four hooves leave the ground at the same time. Muybridge undertakes the project which involved several technical advances and eventually cost Stanford $50,000. Apart from the successful sequence of horses trotting and galloping Muybridge's experiments produced faster emulsions and lenses, cameras with mechanical shutters and electronic triggering mechanisms.
How Muybridge shot the pictures
1880 - 1890 Muybridge devoted the rest of his career to making Photo-animations which he called Studies in Animal Locomotion and takes his Zoopraxiscope show around the world. 1897 returns to Kingston to retire and bequeaths his archives and equipment to the Kingston Museum on his death in 1904 Cremated at Woking St John's crematorium. After 5 name changes during his lifetime the stone marking his ashes misspells his name Eadweard Maybridge, and crematorium register calls him Eudweard Muybridge
How did Muybridge's work lead to Movie making ?
In the 20 years after his Flying horse pictures, 2 further inventions were needed before Film Making could begin.
In France the Lumiere brothers developed a new camera that could shoot multiple non stop images - and in the US George Eastman invented the film that went inside the camera.
The first Motion picture - Lumiere Brothers 1896
Stop-motion and Levitation
Assignment - make a stop-motion animation of between 12 and 24 frames using Gifmaker.
Upload your images to www.gifmaker.me and create a video animation. Change the animation speed to suit your subject and download your video.